Switch to pflag.

change-name
Robert Jacob 5 years ago
parent 793ad85fdd
commit b5d815d452
  1. 8
      Gopkg.lock
  2. 4
      Gopkg.toml
  3. 18
      cmd/spaceapi-server/main.go
  4. 28
      vendor/github.com/spf13/pflag/LICENSE
  5. 94
      vendor/github.com/spf13/pflag/bool.go
  6. 147
      vendor/github.com/spf13/pflag/bool_slice.go
  7. 96
      vendor/github.com/spf13/pflag/count.go
  8. 86
      vendor/github.com/spf13/pflag/duration.go
  9. 1128
      vendor/github.com/spf13/pflag/flag.go
  10. 88
      vendor/github.com/spf13/pflag/float32.go
  11. 84
      vendor/github.com/spf13/pflag/float64.go
  12. 101
      vendor/github.com/spf13/pflag/golangflag.go
  13. 84
      vendor/github.com/spf13/pflag/int.go
  14. 88
      vendor/github.com/spf13/pflag/int32.go
  15. 84
      vendor/github.com/spf13/pflag/int64.go
  16. 88
      vendor/github.com/spf13/pflag/int8.go
  17. 128
      vendor/github.com/spf13/pflag/int_slice.go
  18. 94
      vendor/github.com/spf13/pflag/ip.go
  19. 148
      vendor/github.com/spf13/pflag/ip_slice.go
  20. 122
      vendor/github.com/spf13/pflag/ipmask.go
  21. 98
      vendor/github.com/spf13/pflag/ipnet.go
  22. 80
      vendor/github.com/spf13/pflag/string.go
  23. 103
      vendor/github.com/spf13/pflag/string_array.go
  24. 129
      vendor/github.com/spf13/pflag/string_slice.go
  25. 88
      vendor/github.com/spf13/pflag/uint.go
  26. 88
      vendor/github.com/spf13/pflag/uint16.go
  27. 88
      vendor/github.com/spf13/pflag/uint32.go
  28. 88
      vendor/github.com/spf13/pflag/uint64.go
  29. 88
      vendor/github.com/spf13/pflag/uint8.go
  30. 126
      vendor/github.com/spf13/pflag/uint_slice.go

8
Gopkg.lock generated

@ -26,6 +26,12 @@
revision = "5364553f1ee9cddc7ac8b62dce148309c386695b"
version = "v1.0.4"
[[projects]]
name = "github.com/spf13/pflag"
packages = ["."]
revision = "e57e3eeb33f795204c1ca35f56c44f83227c6e66"
version = "v1.0.0"
[[projects]]
branch = "master"
name = "github.com/twstrike/coyim"
@ -71,6 +77,6 @@
[solve-meta]
analyzer-name = "dep"
analyzer-version = 1
inputs-digest = "9ef2ccb491492728ac9b245b334d419b496455970b33b190e0750a9c91320b5c"
inputs-digest = "e29c9d6cc7525cf6f5ca6d67586f2659d7f54413da756b835dc9cedc2325add0"
solver-name = "gps-cdcl"
solver-version = 1

@ -12,3 +12,7 @@
[[constraint]]
name = "github.com/twstrike/coyim"
branch = "master"
[[constraint]]
name = "github.com/spf13/pflag"
version = "1.0.0"

@ -1,13 +1,13 @@
package main
import (
"flag"
"log"
"net/http"
"git.hacknology.de/projekte/spaceapi"
"git.hacknology.de/projekte/spaceapi/web"
"git.hacknology.de/projekte/spaceapi/xmpp"
"github.com/spf13/pflag"
)
var (
@ -23,14 +23,14 @@ var (
func main() {
log.SetFlags(0)
flag.StringVar(&addr, "addr", addr, "Network address to listen on.")
flag.StringVar(&statusFile, "status-file", statusFile, "Status file to modify.")
flag.StringVar(&webPrefix, "web-prefix", webPrefix, "Prefix path for web endpoints.")
flag.StringVar(&xmppJid, "xmpp-jid", xmppJid, "JID of XMPP user.")
flag.StringVar(&xmppPassword, "xmpp-password", xmppPassword, "Password of XMPP user.")
flag.StringVar(&xmppTarget, "xmpp-target", "", "JID of target MUC to send XMPP messages to.")
flag.StringVar(&xmppHandle, "xmpp-handle", xmppHandle, "Nickname for MUC.")
flag.Parse()
pflag.StringVar(&addr, "addr", addr, "Network address to listen on.")
pflag.StringVar(&statusFile, "status-file", statusFile, "Status file to modify.")
pflag.StringVar(&webPrefix, "web-prefix", webPrefix, "Prefix path for web endpoints.")
pflag.StringVar(&xmppJid, "xmpp-jid", xmppJid, "JID of XMPP user.")
pflag.StringVar(&xmppPassword, "xmpp-password", xmppPassword, "Password of XMPP user.")
pflag.StringVar(&xmppTarget, "xmpp-target", "", "JID of target MUC to send XMPP messages to.")
pflag.StringVar(&xmppHandle, "xmpp-handle", xmppHandle, "Nickname for MUC.")
pflag.Parse()
storage, err := spaceapi.Open(statusFile)
if err != nil {

@ -0,0 +1,28 @@
Copyright (c) 2012 Alex Ogier. All rights reserved.
Copyright (c) 2012 The Go Authors. All rights reserved.
Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are
met:
* Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
* Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above
copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer
in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
distribution.
* Neither the name of Google Inc. nor the names of its
contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from
this software without specific prior written permission.
THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
"AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
(INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.

@ -0,0 +1,94 @@
package pflag
import "strconv"
// optional interface to indicate boolean flags that can be
// supplied without "=value" text
type boolFlag interface {
Value
IsBoolFlag() bool
}
// -- bool Value
type boolValue bool
func newBoolValue(val bool, p *bool) *boolValue {
*p = val
return (*boolValue)(p)
}
func (b *boolValue) Set(s string) error {
v, err := strconv.ParseBool(s)
*b = boolValue(v)
return err
}
func (b *boolValue) Type() string {
return "bool"
}
func (b *boolValue) String() string { return strconv.FormatBool(bool(*b)) }
func (b *boolValue) IsBoolFlag() bool { return true }
func boolConv(sval string) (interface{}, error) {
return strconv.ParseBool(sval)
}
// GetBool return the bool value of a flag with the given name
func (f *FlagSet) GetBool(name string) (bool, error) {
val, err := f.getFlagType(name, "bool", boolConv)
if err != nil {
return false, err
}
return val.(bool), nil
}
// BoolVar defines a bool flag with specified name, default value, and usage string.
// The argument p points to a bool variable in which to store the value of the flag.
func (f *FlagSet) BoolVar(p *bool, name string, value bool, usage string) {
f.BoolVarP(p, name, "", value, usage)
}
// BoolVarP is like BoolVar, but accepts a shorthand letter that can be used after a single dash.
func (f *FlagSet) BoolVarP(p *bool, name, shorthand string, value bool, usage string) {
flag := f.VarPF(newBoolValue(value, p), name, shorthand, usage)
flag.NoOptDefVal = "true"
}
// BoolVar defines a bool flag with specified name, default value, and usage string.
// The argument p points to a bool variable in which to store the value of the flag.
func BoolVar(p *bool, name string, value bool, usage string) {
BoolVarP(p, name, "", value, usage)
}
// BoolVarP is like BoolVar, but accepts a shorthand letter that can be used after a single dash.
func BoolVarP(p *bool, name, shorthand string, value bool, usage string) {
flag := CommandLine.VarPF(newBoolValue(value, p), name, shorthand, usage)
flag.NoOptDefVal = "true"
}
// Bool defines a bool flag with specified name, default value, and usage string.
// The return value is the address of a bool variable that stores the value of the flag.
func (f *FlagSet) Bool(name string, value bool, usage string) *bool {
return f.BoolP(name, "", value, usage)
}
// BoolP is like Bool, but accepts a shorthand letter that can be used after a single dash.
func (f *FlagSet) BoolP(name, shorthand string, value bool, usage string) *bool {
p := new(bool)
f.BoolVarP(p, name, shorthand, value, usage)
return p
}
// Bool defines a bool flag with specified name, default value, and usage string.
// The return value is the address of a bool variable that stores the value of the flag.
func Bool(name string, value bool, usage string) *bool {
return BoolP(name, "", value, usage)
}
// BoolP is like Bool, but accepts a shorthand letter that can be used after a single dash.
func BoolP(name, shorthand string, value bool, usage string) *bool {
b := CommandLine.BoolP(name, shorthand, value, usage)
return b
}

@ -0,0 +1,147 @@
package pflag
import (
"io"
"strconv"
"strings"
)
// -- boolSlice Value
type boolSliceValue struct {
value *[]bool
changed bool
}
func newBoolSliceValue(val []bool, p *[]bool) *boolSliceValue {
bsv := new(boolSliceValue)
bsv.value = p
*bsv.value = val
return bsv
}
// Set converts, and assigns, the comma-separated boolean argument string representation as the []bool value of this flag.
// If Set is called on a flag that already has a []bool assigned, the newly converted values will be appended.
func (s *boolSliceValue) Set(val string) error {
// remove all quote characters
rmQuote := strings.NewReplacer(`"`, "", `'`, "", "`", "")
// read flag arguments with CSV parser
boolStrSlice, err := readAsCSV(rmQuote.Replace(val))
if err != nil && err != io.EOF {
return err
}
// parse boolean values into slice
out := make([]bool, 0, len(boolStrSlice))
for _, boolStr := range boolStrSlice {
b, err := strconv.ParseBool(strings.TrimSpace(boolStr))
if err != nil {
return err
}
out = append(out, b)
}
if !s.changed {
*s.value = out
} else {
*s.value = append(*s.value, out...)
}
s.changed = true
return nil
}
// Type returns a string that uniquely represents this flag's type.
func (s *boolSliceValue) Type() string {
return "boolSlice"
}
// String defines a "native" format for this boolean slice flag value.
func (s *boolSliceValue) String() string {
boolStrSlice := make([]string, len(*s.value))
for i, b := range *s.value {
boolStrSlice[i] = strconv.FormatBool(b)
}
out, _ := writeAsCSV(boolStrSlice)
return "[" + out + "]"
}
func boolSliceConv(val string) (interface{}, error) {
val = strings.Trim(val, "[]")
// Empty string would cause a slice with one (empty) entry
if len(val) == 0 {
return []bool{}, nil
}
ss := strings.Split(val, ",")
out := make([]bool, len(ss))
for i, t := range ss {
var err error
out[i], err = strconv.ParseBool(t)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
}
return out, nil
}
// GetBoolSlice returns the []bool value of a flag with the given name.
func (f *FlagSet) GetBoolSlice(name string) ([]bool, error) {
val, err := f.getFlagType(name, "boolSlice", boolSliceConv)
if err != nil {
return []bool{}, err
}
return val.([]bool), nil
}
// BoolSliceVar defines a boolSlice flag with specified name, default value, and usage string.
// The argument p points to a []bool variable in which to store the value of the flag.
func (f *FlagSet) BoolSliceVar(p *[]bool, name string, value []bool, usage string) {
f.VarP(newBoolSliceValue(value, p), name, "", usage)
}
// BoolSliceVarP is like BoolSliceVar, but accepts a shorthand letter that can be used after a single dash.
func (f *FlagSet) BoolSliceVarP(p *[]bool, name, shorthand string, value []bool, usage string) {
f.VarP(newBoolSliceValue(value, p), name, shorthand, usage)
}
// BoolSliceVar defines a []bool flag with specified name, default value, and usage string.
// The argument p points to a []bool variable in which to store the value of the flag.
func BoolSliceVar(p *[]bool, name string, value []bool, usage string) {
CommandLine.VarP(newBoolSliceValue(value, p), name, "", usage)
}
// BoolSliceVarP is like BoolSliceVar, but accepts a shorthand letter that can be used after a single dash.
func BoolSliceVarP(p *[]bool, name, shorthand string, value []bool, usage string) {
CommandLine.VarP(newBoolSliceValue(value, p), name, shorthand, usage)
}
// BoolSlice defines a []bool flag with specified name, default value, and usage string.
// The return value is the address of a []bool variable that stores the value of the flag.
func (f *FlagSet) BoolSlice(name string, value []bool, usage string) *[]bool {
p := []bool{}
f.BoolSliceVarP(&p, name, "", value, usage)
return &p
}
// BoolSliceP is like BoolSlice, but accepts a shorthand letter that can be used after a single dash.
func (f *FlagSet) BoolSliceP(name, shorthand string, value []bool, usage string) *[]bool {
p := []bool{}
f.BoolSliceVarP(&p, name, shorthand, value, usage)
return &p
}
// BoolSlice defines a []bool flag with specified name, default value, and usage string.
// The return value is the address of a []bool variable that stores the value of the flag.
func BoolSlice(name string, value []bool, usage string) *[]bool {
return CommandLine.BoolSliceP(name, "", value, usage)
}
// BoolSliceP is like BoolSlice, but accepts a shorthand letter that can be used after a single dash.
func BoolSliceP(name, shorthand string, value []bool, usage string) *[]bool {
return CommandLine.BoolSliceP(name, shorthand, value, usage)
}

@ -0,0 +1,96 @@
package pflag
import "strconv"
// -- count Value
type countValue int
func newCountValue(val int, p *int) *countValue {
*p = val
return (*countValue)(p)
}
func (i *countValue) Set(s string) error {
v, err := strconv.ParseInt(s, 0, 64)
// -1 means that no specific value was passed, so increment
if v == -1 {
*i = countValue(*i + 1)
} else {
*i = countValue(v)
}
return err
}
func (i *countValue) Type() string {
return "count"
}
func (i *countValue) String() string { return strconv.Itoa(int(*i)) }
func countConv(sval string) (interface{}, error) {
i, err := strconv.Atoi(sval)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
return i, nil
}
// GetCount return the int value of a flag with the given name
func (f *FlagSet) GetCount(name string) (int, error) {
val, err := f.getFlagType(name, "count", countConv)
if err != nil {
return 0, err
}
return val.(int), nil
}
// CountVar defines a count flag with specified name, default value, and usage string.
// The argument p points to an int variable in which to store the value of the flag.
// A count flag will add 1 to its value evey time it is found on the command line
func (f *FlagSet) CountVar(p *int, name string, usage string) {
f.CountVarP(p, name, "", usage)
}
// CountVarP is like CountVar only take a shorthand for the flag name.
func (f *FlagSet) CountVarP(p *int, name, shorthand string, usage string) {
flag := f.VarPF(newCountValue(0, p), name, shorthand, usage)
flag.NoOptDefVal = "-1"
}
// CountVar like CountVar only the flag is placed on the CommandLine instead of a given flag set
func CountVar(p *int, name string, usage string) {
CommandLine.CountVar(p, name, usage)
}
// CountVarP is like CountVar only take a shorthand for the flag name.
func CountVarP(p *int, name, shorthand string, usage string) {
CommandLine.CountVarP(p, name, shorthand, usage)
}
// Count defines a count flag with specified name, default value, and usage string.
// The return value is the address of an int variable that stores the value of the flag.
// A count flag will add 1 to its value evey time it is found on the command line
func (f *FlagSet) Count(name string, usage string) *int {
p := new(int)
f.CountVarP(p, name, "", usage)
return p
}
// CountP is like Count only takes a shorthand for the flag name.
func (f *FlagSet) CountP(name, shorthand string, usage string) *int {
p := new(int)
f.CountVarP(p, name, shorthand, usage)
return p
}
// Count defines a count flag with specified name, default value, and usage string.
// The return value is the address of an int variable that stores the value of the flag.
// A count flag will add 1 to its value evey time it is found on the command line
func Count(name string, usage string) *int {
return CommandLine.CountP(name, "", usage)
}
// CountP is like Count only takes a shorthand for the flag name.
func CountP(name, shorthand string, usage string) *int {
return CommandLine.CountP(name, shorthand, usage)
}

@ -0,0 +1,86 @@
package pflag
import (
"time"
)
// -- time.Duration Value
type durationValue time.Duration
func newDurationValue(val time.Duration, p *time.Duration) *durationValue {
*p = val
return (*durationValue)(p)
}
func (d *durationValue) Set(s string) error {
v, err := time.ParseDuration(s)
*d = durationValue(v)
return err
}
func (d *durationValue) Type() string {
return "duration"
}
func (d *durationValue) String() string { return (*time.Duration)(d).String() }
func durationConv(sval string) (interface{}, error) {
return time.ParseDuration(sval)
}
// GetDuration return the duration value of a flag with the given name
func (f *FlagSet) GetDuration(name string) (time.Duration, error) {
val, err := f.getFlagType(name, "duration", durationConv)
if err != nil {
return 0, err
}
return val.(time.Duration), nil
}
// DurationVar defines a time.Duration flag with specified name, default value, and usage string.
// The argument p points to a time.Duration variable in which to store the value of the flag.
func (f *FlagSet) DurationVar(p *time.Duration, name string, value time.Duration, usage string) {
f.VarP(newDurationValue(value, p), name, "", usage)
}
// DurationVarP is like DurationVar, but accepts a shorthand letter that can be used after a single dash.
func (f *FlagSet) DurationVarP(p *time.Duration, name, shorthand string, value time.Duration, usage string) {
f.VarP(newDurationValue(value, p), name, shorthand, usage)
}
// DurationVar defines a time.Duration flag with specified name, default value, and usage string.
// The argument p points to a time.Duration variable in which to store the value of the flag.
func DurationVar(p *time.Duration, name string, value time.Duration, usage string) {
CommandLine.VarP(newDurationValue(value, p), name, "", usage)
}
// DurationVarP is like DurationVar, but accepts a shorthand letter that can be used after a single dash.
func DurationVarP(p *time.Duration, name, shorthand string, value time.Duration, usage string) {
CommandLine.VarP(newDurationValue(value, p), name, shorthand, usage)
}
// Duration defines a time.Duration flag with specified name, default value, and usage string.
// The return value is the address of a time.Duration variable that stores the value of the flag.
func (f *FlagSet) Duration(name string, value time.Duration, usage string) *time.Duration {
p := new(time.Duration)
f.DurationVarP(p, name, "", value, usage)
return p
}
// DurationP is like Duration, but accepts a shorthand letter that can be used after a single dash.
func (f *FlagSet) DurationP(name, shorthand string, value time.Duration, usage string) *time.Duration {
p := new(time.Duration)
f.DurationVarP(p, name, shorthand, value, usage)
return p
}
// Duration defines a time.Duration flag with specified name, default value, and usage string.
// The return value is the address of a time.Duration variable that stores the value of the flag.
func Duration(name string, value time.Duration, usage string) *time.Duration {
return CommandLine.DurationP(name, "", value, usage)
}
// DurationP is like Duration, but accepts a shorthand letter that can be used after a single dash.
func DurationP(name, shorthand string, value time.Duration, usage string) *time.Duration {
return CommandLine.DurationP(name, shorthand, value, usage)
}

@ -0,0 +1,1128 @@
// Copyright 2009 The Go Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style
// license that can be found in the LICENSE file.
/*
Package pflag is a drop-in replacement for Go's flag package, implementing
POSIX/GNU-style --flags.
pflag is compatible with the GNU extensions to the POSIX recommendations
for command-line options. See
http://www.gnu.org/software/libc/manual/html_node/Argument-Syntax.html
Usage:
pflag is a drop-in replacement of Go's native flag package. If you import
pflag under the name "flag" then all code should continue to function
with no changes.
import flag "github.com/spf13/pflag"
There is one exception to this: if you directly instantiate the Flag struct
there is one more field "Shorthand" that you will need to set.
Most code never instantiates this struct directly, and instead uses
functions such as String(), BoolVar(), and Var(), and is therefore
unaffected.
Define flags using flag.String(), Bool(), Int(), etc.
This declares an integer flag, -flagname, stored in the pointer ip, with type *int.
var ip = flag.Int("flagname", 1234, "help message for flagname")
If you like, you can bind the flag to a variable using the Var() functions.
var flagvar int
func init() {
flag.IntVar(&flagvar, "flagname", 1234, "help message for flagname")
}
Or you can create custom flags that satisfy the Value interface (with
pointer receivers) and couple them to flag parsing by
flag.Var(&flagVal, "name", "help message for flagname")
For such flags, the default value is just the initial value of the variable.
After all flags are defined, call
flag.Parse()
to parse the command line into the defined flags.
Flags may then be used directly. If you're using the flags themselves,
they are all pointers; if you bind to variables, they're values.
fmt.Println("ip has value ", *ip)
fmt.Println("flagvar has value ", flagvar)
After parsing, the arguments after the flag are available as the
slice flag.Args() or individually as flag.Arg(i).
The arguments are indexed from 0 through flag.NArg()-1.
The pflag package also defines some new functions that are not in flag,
that give one-letter shorthands for flags. You can use these by appending
'P' to the name of any function that defines a flag.
var ip = flag.IntP("flagname", "f", 1234, "help message")
var flagvar bool
func init() {
flag.BoolVarP("boolname", "b", true, "help message")
}
flag.VarP(&flagVar, "varname", "v", 1234, "help message")
Shorthand letters can be used with single dashes on the command line.
Boolean shorthand flags can be combined with other shorthand flags.
Command line flag syntax:
--flag // boolean flags only
--flag=x
Unlike the flag package, a single dash before an option means something
different than a double dash. Single dashes signify a series of shorthand
letters for flags. All but the last shorthand letter must be boolean flags.
// boolean flags
-f
-abc
// non-boolean flags
-n 1234
-Ifile
// mixed
-abcs "hello"
-abcn1234
Flag parsing stops after the terminator "--". Unlike the flag package,
flags can be interspersed with arguments anywhere on the command line
before this terminator.
Integer flags accept 1234, 0664, 0x1234 and may be negative.
Boolean flags (in their long form) accept 1, 0, t, f, true, false,
TRUE, FALSE, True, False.
Duration flags accept any input valid for time.ParseDuration.
The default set of command-line flags is controlled by
top-level functions. The FlagSet type allows one to define
independent sets of flags, such as to implement subcommands
in a command-line interface. The methods of FlagSet are
analogous to the top-level functions for the command-line
flag set.
*/
package pflag
import (
"bytes"
"errors"
"fmt"
"io"
"os"
"sort"
"strings"
)
// ErrHelp is the error returned if the flag -help is invoked but no such flag is defined.
var ErrHelp = errors.New("pflag: help requested")
// ErrorHandling defines how to handle flag parsing errors.
type ErrorHandling int
const (
// ContinueOnError will return an err from Parse() if an error is found
ContinueOnError ErrorHandling = iota
// ExitOnError will call os.Exit(2) if an error is found when parsing
ExitOnError
// PanicOnError will panic() if an error is found when parsing flags
PanicOnError
)
// NormalizedName is a flag name that has been normalized according to rules
// for the FlagSet (e.g. making '-' and '_' equivalent).
type NormalizedName string
// A FlagSet represents a set of defined flags.
type FlagSet struct {
// Usage is the function called when an error occurs while parsing flags.
// The field is a function (not a method) that may be changed to point to
// a custom error handler.
Usage func()
// SortFlags is used to indicate, if user wants to have sorted flags in
// help/usage messages.
SortFlags bool
name string
parsed bool
actual map[NormalizedName]*Flag
orderedActual []*Flag
sortedActual []*Flag
formal map[NormalizedName]*Flag
orderedFormal []*Flag
sortedFormal []*Flag
shorthands map[byte]*Flag
args []string // arguments after flags
argsLenAtDash int // len(args) when a '--' was located when parsing, or -1 if no --
errorHandling ErrorHandling
output io.Writer // nil means stderr; use out() accessor
interspersed bool // allow interspersed option/non-option args
normalizeNameFunc func(f *FlagSet, name string) NormalizedName
}
// A Flag represents the state of a flag.
type Flag struct {
Name string // name as it appears on command line
Shorthand string // one-letter abbreviated flag
Usage string // help message
Value Value // value as set
DefValue string // default value (as text); for usage message
Changed bool // If the user set the value (or if left to default)
NoOptDefVal string // default value (as text); if the flag is on the command line without any options
Deprecated string // If this flag is deprecated, this string is the new or now thing to use
Hidden bool // used by cobra.Command to allow flags to be hidden from help/usage text
ShorthandDeprecated string // If the shorthand of this flag is deprecated, this string is the new or now thing to use
Annotations map[string][]string // used by cobra.Command bash autocomple code
}
// Value is the interface to the dynamic value stored in a flag.
// (The default value is represented as a string.)
type Value interface {
String() string
Set(string) error
Type() string
}
// sortFlags returns the flags as a slice in lexicographical sorted order.
func sortFlags(flags map[NormalizedName]*Flag) []*Flag {
list := make(sort.StringSlice, len(flags))
i := 0
for k := range flags {
list[i] = string(k)
i++
}
list.Sort()
result := make([]*Flag, len(list))
for i, name := range list {
result[i] = flags[NormalizedName(name)]
}
return result
}
// SetNormalizeFunc allows you to add a function which can translate flag names.
// Flags added to the FlagSet will be translated and then when anything tries to
// look up the flag that will also be translated. So it would be possible to create
// a flag named "getURL" and have it translated to "geturl". A user could then pass
// "--getUrl" which may also be translated to "geturl" and everything will work.
func (f *FlagSet) SetNormalizeFunc(n func(f *FlagSet, name string) NormalizedName) {
f.normalizeNameFunc = n
f.sortedFormal = f.sortedFormal[:0]
for k, v := range f.orderedFormal {
delete(f.formal, NormalizedName(v.Name))
nname := f.normalizeFlagName(v.Name)
v.Name = string(nname)
f.formal[nname] = v
f.orderedFormal[k] = v
}
}
// GetNormalizeFunc returns the previously set NormalizeFunc of a function which
// does no translation, if not set previously.
func (f *FlagSet) GetNormalizeFunc() func(f *FlagSet, name string) NormalizedName {
if f.normalizeNameFunc != nil {
return f.normalizeNameFunc
}
return func(f *FlagSet, name string) NormalizedName { return NormalizedName(name) }
}
func (f *FlagSet) normalizeFlagName(name string) NormalizedName {
n := f.GetNormalizeFunc()
return n(f, name)
}
func (f *FlagSet) out() io.Writer {
if f.output == nil {
return os.Stderr
}
return f.output
}
// SetOutput sets the destination for usage and error messages.
// If output is nil, os.Stderr is used.
func (f *FlagSet) SetOutput(output io.Writer) {
f.output = output
}
// VisitAll visits the flags in lexicographical order or
// in primordial order if f.SortFlags is false, calling fn for each.
// It visits all flags, even those not set.
func (f *FlagSet) VisitAll(fn func(*Flag)) {
if len(f.formal) == 0 {
return
}
var flags []*Flag
if f.SortFlags {
if len(f.formal) != len(f.sortedFormal) {
f.sortedFormal = sortFlags(f.formal)
}
flags = f.sortedFormal
} else {
flags = f.orderedFormal
}
for _, flag := range flags {
fn(flag)
}
}
// HasFlags returns a bool to indicate if the FlagSet has any flags definied.
func (f *FlagSet) HasFlags() bool {
return len(f.formal) > 0
}
// HasAvailableFlags returns a bool to indicate if the FlagSet has any flags
// definied that are not hidden or deprecated.
func (f *FlagSet) HasAvailableFlags() bool {
for _, flag := range f.formal {
if !flag.Hidden && len(flag.Deprecated) == 0 {
return true
}
}
return false
}
// VisitAll visits the command-line flags in lexicographical order or
// in primordial order if f.SortFlags is false, calling fn for each.
// It visits all flags, even those not set.
func VisitAll(fn func(*Flag)) {
CommandLine.VisitAll(fn)
}
// Visit visits the flags in lexicographical order or
// in primordial order if f.SortFlags is false, calling fn for each.
// It visits only those flags that have been set.
func (f *FlagSet) Visit(fn func(*Flag)) {
if len(f.actual) == 0 {
return
}
var flags []*Flag
if f.SortFlags {
if len(f.actual) != len(f.sortedActual) {
f.sortedActual = sortFlags(f.actual)
}
flags = f.sortedActual
} else {
flags = f.orderedActual
}
for _, flag := range flags {
fn(flag)
}
}
// Visit visits the command-line flags in lexicographical order or
// in primordial order if f.SortFlags is false, calling fn for each.
// It visits only those flags that have been set.
func Visit(fn func(*Flag)) {
CommandLine.Visit(fn)
}
// Lookup returns the Flag structure of the named flag, returning nil if none exists.
func (f *FlagSet) Lookup(name string) *Flag {
return f.lookup(f.normalizeFlagName(name))
}
// ShorthandLookup returns the Flag structure of the short handed flag,
// returning nil if none exists.
// It panics, if len(name) > 1.
func (f *FlagSet) ShorthandLookup(name string) *Flag {
if name == "" {
return nil
}
if len(name) > 1 {
msg := fmt.Sprintf("can not look up shorthand which is more than one ASCII character: %q", name)
fmt.Fprintf(f.out(), msg)
panic(msg)
}
c := name[0]
return f.shorthands[c]
}
// lookup returns the Flag structure of the named flag, returning nil if none exists.
func (f *FlagSet) lookup(name NormalizedName) *Flag {
return f.formal[name]
}
// func to return a given type for a given flag name
func (f *FlagSet) getFlagType(name string, ftype string, convFunc func(sval string) (interface{}, error)) (interface{}, error) {
flag := f.Lookup(name)
if flag == nil {
err := fmt.Errorf("flag accessed but not defined: %s", name)
return nil, err
}
if flag.Value.Type() != ftype {
err := fmt.Errorf("trying to get %s value of flag of type %s", ftype, flag.Value.Type())
return nil, err
}
sval := flag.Value.String()
result, err := convFunc(sval)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
return result, nil
}
// ArgsLenAtDash will return the length of f.Args at the moment when a -- was
// found during arg parsing. This allows your program to know which args were
// before the -- and which came after.
func (f *FlagSet) ArgsLenAtDash() int {
return f.argsLenAtDash
}
// MarkDeprecated indicated that a flag is deprecated in your program. It will
// continue to function but will not show up in help or usage messages. Using
// this flag will also print the given usageMessage.
func (f *FlagSet) MarkDeprecated(name string, usageMessage string) error {
flag := f.Lookup(name)
if flag == nil {
return fmt.Errorf("flag %q does not exist", name)
}
if usageMessage == "" {
return fmt.Errorf("deprecated message for flag %q must be set", name)
}
flag.Deprecated = usageMessage
return nil
}
// MarkShorthandDeprecated will mark the shorthand of a flag deprecated in your
// program. It will continue to function but will not show up in help or usage
// messages. Using this flag will also print the given usageMessage.
func (f *FlagSet) MarkShorthandDeprecated(name string, usageMessage string) error {
flag := f.Lookup(name)
if flag == nil {
return fmt.Errorf("flag %q does not exist", name)
}
if usageMessage == "" {
return fmt.Errorf("deprecated message for flag %q must be set", name)
}
flag.ShorthandDeprecated = usageMessage
return nil
}
// MarkHidden sets a flag to 'hidden' in your program. It will continue to
// function but will not show up in help or usage messages.
func (f *FlagSet) MarkHidden(name string) error {
flag := f.Lookup(name)
if flag == nil {
return fmt.Errorf("flag %q does not exist", name)
}
flag.Hidden = true
return nil
}
// Lookup returns the Flag structure of the named command-line flag,
// returning nil if none exists.
func Lookup(name string) *Flag {
return CommandLine.Lookup(name)
}
// ShorthandLookup returns the Flag structure of the short handed flag,
// returning nil if none exists.
func ShorthandLookup(name string) *Flag {
return CommandLine.ShorthandLookup(name)
}
// Set sets the value of the named flag.
func (f *FlagSet) Set(name, value string) error {
normalName := f.normalizeFlagName(name)
flag, ok := f.formal[normalName]
if !ok {
return fmt.Errorf("no such flag -%v", name)
}
err := flag.Value.Set(value)
if err != nil {
var flagName string
if flag.Shorthand != "" && flag.ShorthandDeprecated == "" {
flagName = fmt.Sprintf("-%s, --%s", flag.Shorthand, flag.Name)
} else {
flagName = fmt.Sprintf("--%s", flag.Name)
}
return fmt.Errorf("invalid argument %q for %q flag: %v", value, flagName, err)
}
if f.actual == nil {
f.actual = make(map[NormalizedName]*Flag)
}
f.actual[normalName] = flag
f.orderedActual = append(f.orderedActual, flag)
flag.Changed = true
if flag.Deprecated != "" {
fmt.Fprintf(f.out(), "Flag --%s has been deprecated, %s\n", flag.Name, flag.Deprecated)
}
return nil
}
// SetAnnotation allows one to set arbitrary annotations on a flag in the FlagSet.
// This is sometimes used by spf13/cobra programs which want to generate additional
// bash completion information.
func (f *FlagSet) SetAnnotation(name, key string, values []string) error {
normalName := f.normalizeFlagName(name)
flag, ok := f.formal[normalName]
if !ok {
return fmt.Errorf("no such flag -%v", name)
}
if flag.Annotations == nil {
flag.Annotations = map[string][]string{}
}
flag.Annotations[key] = values
return nil
}
// Changed returns true if the flag was explicitly set during Parse() and false
// otherwise
func (f *FlagSet) Changed(name string) bool {
flag := f.Lookup(name)
// If a flag doesn't exist, it wasn't changed....
if flag == nil {
return false
}
return flag.Changed
}
// Set sets the value of the named command-line flag.
func Set(name, value string) error {
return CommandLine.Set(name, value)
}
// PrintDefaults prints, to standard error unless configured
// otherwise, the default values of all defined flags in the set.
func (f *FlagSet) PrintDefaults() {
usages := f.FlagUsages()
fmt.Fprint(f.out(), usages)
}
// defaultIsZeroValue returns true if the default value for this flag represents
// a zero value.
func (f *Flag) defaultIsZeroValue() bool {
switch f.Value.(type) {
case boolFlag:
return f.DefValue == "false"
case *durationValue:
// Beginning in Go 1.7, duration zero values are "0s"
return f.DefValue == "0" || f.DefValue == "0s"
case *intValue, *int8Value, *int32Value, *int64Value, *uintValue, *uint8Value, *uint16Value, *uint32Value, *uint64Value, *countValue, *float32Value, *float64Value:
return f.DefValue == "0"
case *stringValue:
return f.DefValue == ""
case *ipValue, *ipMaskValue, *ipNetValue:
return f.DefValue == "<nil>"
case *intSliceValue, *stringSliceValue, *stringArrayValue:
return f.DefValue == "[]"
default:
switch f.Value.String() {
case "false":
return true
case "<nil>":
return true
case "":
return true
case "0":
return true
}
return false
}
}
// UnquoteUsage extracts a back-quoted name from the usage
// string for a flag and returns it and the un-quoted usage.
// Given "a `name` to show" it returns ("name", "a name to show").
// If there are no back quotes, the name is an educated guess of the
// type of the flag's value, or the empty string if the flag is boolean.
func UnquoteUsage(flag *Flag) (name string, usage string) {
// Look for a back-quoted name, but avoid the strings package.
usage = flag.Usage
for i := 0; i < len(usage); i++ {
if usage[i] == '`' {
for j := i + 1; j < len(usage); j++ {
if usage[j] == '`' {
name = usage[i+1 : j]
usage = usage[:i] + name + usage[j+1:]
return name, usage
}
}
break // Only one back quote; use type name.
}
}
name = flag.Value.Type()
switch name {
case "bool":
name = ""
case "float64":
name = "float"
case "int64":
name = "int"
case "uint64":
name = "uint"
}
return
}
// Splits the string `s` on whitespace into an initial substring up to
// `i` runes in length and the remainder. Will go `slop` over `i` if
// that encompasses the entire string (which allows the caller to
// avoid short orphan words on the final line).
func wrapN(i, slop int, s string) (string, string) {
if i+slop > len(s) {
return s, ""
}
w := strings.LastIndexAny(s[:i], " \t")
if w <= 0 {
return s, ""
}
return s[:w], s[w+1:]
}
// Wraps the string `s` to a maximum width `w` with leading indent
// `i`. The first line is not indented (this is assumed to be done by
// caller). Pass `w` == 0 to do no wrapping
func wrap(i, w int, s string) string {
if w == 0 {
return s
}
// space between indent i and end of line width w into which
// we should wrap the text.
wrap := w - i
var r, l string
// Not enough space for sensible wrapping. Wrap as a block on
// the next line instead.
if wrap < 24 {
i = 16
wrap = w - i
r += "\n" + strings.Repeat(" ", i)
}
// If still not enough space then don't even try to wrap.
if wrap < 24 {
return s
}
// Try to avoid short orphan words on the final line, by
// allowing wrapN to go a bit over if that would fit in the
// remainder of the line.
slop := 5
wrap = wrap - slop
// Handle first line, which is indented by the caller (or the
// special case above)
l, s = wrapN(wrap, slop, s)
r = r + l
// Now wrap the rest
for s != "" {
var t string
t, s = wrapN(wrap, slop, s)
r = r + "\n" + strings.Repeat(" ", i) + t
}
return r
}
// FlagUsagesWrapped returns a string containing the usage information
// for all flags in the FlagSet. Wrapped to `cols` columns (0 for no
// wrapping)
func (f *FlagSet) FlagUsagesWrapped(cols int) string {
buf := new(bytes.Buffer)
lines := make([]string, 0, len(f.formal))
maxlen := 0
f.VisitAll(func(flag *Flag) {
if flag.Deprecated != "" || flag.Hidden {
return
}
line := ""
if flag.Shorthand != "" && flag.ShorthandDeprecated == "" {
line = fmt.Sprintf(" -%s, --%s", flag.Shorthand, flag.Name)
} else {
line = fmt.Sprintf(" --%s", flag.Name)
}
varname, usage := UnquoteUsage(flag)
if varname != "" {
line += " " + varname
}
if flag.NoOptDefVal != "" {
switch flag.Value.Type() {
case "string":
line += fmt.Sprintf("[=\"%s\"]", flag.NoOptDefVal)
case "bool":
if flag.NoOptDefVal != "true" {
line += fmt.Sprintf("[=%s]", flag.NoOptDefVal)
}
default:
line += fmt.Sprintf("[=%s]", flag.NoOptDefVal)
}
}
// This special character will be replaced with spacing once the
// correct alignment is calculated
line += "\x00"
if len(line) > maxlen {
maxlen = len(line)
}
line += usage
if !flag.defaultIsZeroValue() {
if flag.Value.Type() == "string" {
line += fmt.Sprintf(" (default %q)", flag.DefValue)
} else {
line += fmt.Sprintf(" (default %s)", flag.DefValue)
}
}
lines = append(lines, line)
})
for _, line := range lines {
sidx := strings.Index(line, "\x00")
spacing := strings.Repeat(" ", maxlen-sidx)
// maxlen + 2 comes from + 1 for the \x00 and + 1 for the (deliberate) off-by-one in maxlen-sidx
fmt.Fprintln(buf, line[:sidx], spacing, wrap(maxlen+2, cols, line[sidx+1:]))
}
return buf.String()
}
// FlagUsages returns a string containing the usage information for all flags in
// the FlagSet
func (f *FlagSet) FlagUsages() string {
return f.FlagUsagesWrapped(0)
}
// PrintDefaults prints to standard error the default values of all defined command-line flags.
func PrintDefaults() {
CommandLine.PrintDefaults()
}
// defaultUsage is the default function to print a usage message.
func defaultUsage(f *FlagSet) {
fmt.Fprintf(f.out(), "Usage of %s:\n", f.name)
f.PrintDefaults()
}
// NOTE: Usage is not just defaultUsage(CommandLine)
// because it serves (via godoc flag Usage) as the example
// for how to write your own usage function.
// Usage prints to standard error a usage message documenting all defined command-line flags.
// The function is a variable that may be changed to point to a custom function.
// By default it prints a simple header and calls PrintDefaults; for details about the
// format of the output and how to control it, see the documentation for PrintDefaults.
var Usage = func() {
fmt.Fprintf(os.Stderr, "Usage of %s:\n", os.Args[0])
PrintDefaults()
}
// NFlag returns the number of flags that have been set.
func (f *FlagSet) NFlag() int { return len(f.actual) }
// NFlag returns the number of command-line flags that have been set.
func NFlag() int { return len(CommandLine.actual) }
// Arg returns the i'th argument. Arg(0) is the first remaining argument
// after flags have been processed.
func (f *FlagSet) Arg(i int) string {
if i < 0 || i >= len(f.args) {
return ""
}
return f.args[i]
}
// Arg returns the i'th command-line argument. Arg(0) is the first remaining argument
// after flags have been processed.
func Arg(i int) string {
return CommandLine.Arg(i)
}
// NArg is the number of arguments remaining after flags have been processed.
func (f *FlagSet) NArg() int { return len(f.args) }
// NArg is the number of arguments remaining after flags have been processed.
func NArg() int { return len(CommandLine.args) }
// Args returns the non-flag arguments.
func (f *FlagSet) Args() []string { return f.args }
// Args returns the non-flag command-line arguments.
func Args() []string { return CommandLine.args }
// Var defines a flag with the specified name and usage string. The type and
// value of the flag are represented by the first argument, of type Value, which
// typically holds a user-defined implementation of Value. For instance, the
// caller could create a flag that turns a comma-separated string into a slice
// of strings by giving the slice the methods of Value; in particular, Set would
// decompose the comma-separated string into the slice.
func (f *FlagSet) Var(value Value, name string, usage string) {
f.VarP(value, name, "", usage)
}
// VarPF is like VarP, but returns the flag created
func (f *FlagSet) VarPF(value Value, name, shorthand, usage string) *Flag {
// Remember the default value as a string; it won't change.
flag := &Flag{
Name: name,
Shorthand: shorthand,
Usage: usage,
Value: value,
DefValue: value.String(),
}
f.AddFlag(flag)
return flag
}
// VarP is like Var, but accepts a shorthand letter that can be used after a single dash.
func (f *FlagSet) VarP(value Value, name, shorthand, usage string) {
f.VarPF(value, name, shorthand, usage)
}
// AddFlag will add the flag to the FlagSet
func (f *FlagSet) AddFlag(flag *Flag) {
normalizedFlagName := f.normalizeFlagName(flag.Name)
_, alreadyThere := f.formal[normalizedFlagName]
if alreadyThere {
msg := fmt.Sprintf("%s flag redefined: %s", f.name, flag.Name)
fmt.Fprintln(f.out(), msg)
panic(msg) // Happens only if flags are declared with identical names
}
if f.formal == nil {
f.formal = make(map[NormalizedName]*Flag)
}
flag.Name = string(normalizedFlagName)
f.formal[normalizedFlagName] = flag
f.orderedFormal = append(f.orderedFormal, flag)
if flag.Shorthand == "" {
return
}
if len(flag.Shorthand) > 1 {
msg := fmt.Sprintf("%q shorthand is more than one ASCII character", flag.Shorthand)
fmt.Fprintf(f.out(), msg)
panic(msg)
}
if f.shorthands == nil {
f.shorthands = make(map[byte]*Flag)
}
c := flag.Shorthand[0]
used, alreadyThere := f.shorthands[c]
if alreadyThere {
msg := fmt.Sprintf("unable to redefine %q shorthand in %q flagset: it's already used for %q flag", c, f.name, used.Name)
fmt.Fprintf(f.out(), msg)
panic(msg)
}
f.shorthands[c] = flag
}
// AddFlagSet adds one FlagSet to another. If a flag is already present in f
// the flag from newSet will be ignored.
func (f *FlagSet) AddFlagSet(newSet *FlagSet) {
if newSet == nil {
return
}
newSet.VisitAll(func(flag *Flag) {
if f.Lookup(flag.Name) == nil {
f.AddFlag(flag)
}
})
}
// Var defines a flag with the specified name and usage string. The type and
// value of the flag are represented by the first argument, of type Value, which
// typically holds a user-defined implementation of Value. For instance, the
// caller could create a flag that turns a comma-separated string into a slice
// of strings by giving the slice the methods of Value; in particular, Set would
// decompose the comma-separated string into the slice.
func Var(value Value, name string, usage string) {
CommandLine.VarP(value, name, "", usage)
}
// VarP is like Var, but accepts a shorthand letter that can be used after a single dash.
func VarP(value Value, name, shorthand, usage string) {
CommandLine.VarP(value, name, shorthand, usage)
}
// failf prints to standard error a formatted error and usage message and
// returns the error.
func (f *FlagSet) failf(format string, a ...interface{}) error {
err := fmt.Errorf(format, a...)
fmt.Fprintln(f.out(), err)
f.usage()
return err
}
// usage calls the Usage method for the flag set, or the usage function if
// the flag set is CommandLine.
func (f *FlagSet) usage() {
if f == CommandLine {